It's important to note that adult adoption is different from establishing guardianship. A child is still considered to be an adopted child if they were adopted after their 16th birthday, but before their 18th birthday, if: The child is the birth sibling of another child who was adopted by the same parent(s) before the other child’s 16th birthday and immigrated through the … Submit your paperwork according to the instructions provided. If you do have someone who wants to … For example, in Colorado, one can adopt an adult of age 21 or older for inheritance purposes, but filiation will remain unaffected. For immigration purposes, an adoption must be finalized before the child turns 16 years of age. Adults can be adopted! In Pennsylvania, an adult can adopt an adult. Godfrey D. Overview of Guardianship and Alternatives to Guardianship. An adult adoption may occur once the potential adoptee reaches the age of 18 or older. You then need to file your written consent and the written consent of your mother. And just like adopting a child, adult adoption will give the adoptee a new name, a new birth certificate, and will legally recognize them as an official member of their new family. Read our, Reviewed by Ann-Louise T. Lockhart, PsyD, ABPP. Adult adoption is a legal procedure in which an older adult adopts a younger adult. If we approve it, the adopted child will receive a Certificate of Citizenship. Turning 18 has no effect on the adoption. Updated July 2020 Below you can find information about the adoption assistance benefits that may be available to families who adopt children from foster care in California. In every case, this means the biological parents’ rights must be legally terminated before the child can be adopted into another family. Additionally, the U.S. also allows adoption of children 18-years-old and under in the event the adopting child is a sibling of a child under 16 who has been or will be adopted by the same parents. (A child is legally free for adoption when either birth or current legal parents have had their parental rights terminated or have consented to the child’s adoption). An adult adoption may occur once the potential adoptee reaches the age of 18 or older. However, adoption of a person between the ages of 18 and 20 (inclusive) transfers both inheritance rights and filiation. IR-4 or IH-4. As a business owner, you have many options for paying yourself, but each comes with tax implications. Sean is a fact checker and researcher with experience in sociology and field research. She is going through some teenage angst and is mad at my mom. If you're considering an adult adoption, check with your Secretary of State. Age differences might also can halt a proposed adult adoption. Adoption is the same legal process whether the individual is a child or an adult. In most cases, you can be adopted at any age, no matter how young or old you are. Anyone considering an adult adoption is advised to learn the laws governing adoptions in his or her state and to consult an attorney. Attorneys with you, every step of the way. Some require the adopted party to be of diminished capacity while others only need an agreement between the parties involved. A girl who was receiving state-funded adoption assistance returns to foster care after her parents decide they can longer parent her. For information on what supporting evidence to submit, see the Instructions for Form I-130 (PDF, 233 KB).". min read. Or maybe you were reunited with your birth mother and want to make her your official, legal mom. She has a wealth of relevant personal and professional experience. Pennsylvania adoption laws allow any child and only certain adults to be adopted, while any unmarried adult, unmarried minor parent of adoptee, or married couple may adopt. Dissolution means terminating your legal parental rights after the adoption … Additionally, the adoption of Pennsylvania children age 12 and older requires the child's consent to the adoption. Updated July 2018. No matter your reasons for wanting to change your name, find out how to do so here. Your step-father can petition the court to adopt you. Which Adoption Arrangement is Right for You? Collect the information you need to fill out the forms, with or without the help of a lawyer. Fill out and sign the papers in the presence of a notary (most banks have free notary services) and have the notary sign and emboss your paperwork. Adoption laws historically have varied from state to state, but are becoming more uniform. We're available Mon-Fri 5 a.m. to 7 p.m. PT and weekends 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. PT. Due to the long length of the adoption process, adoptive parents are encouraged to initiate the process when the child is 15 or younger. Along the way, there are many points where adoption laws will have an effect on your child's adoption. Not only must American adoptions laws be considered, but so, too, must immigration laws.. The child will receive a Green Card by mail. But most states also allow for the adoption of adults. Thank you for subscribing to our newsletter! Fraud can also relate to insurance, property, or marital issues. 18 or older years of age adult up for adoption is the termination of adopted... Party and decisionmaker for another adult 's care to learn the laws governing adoptions in his her. States will want to make her your official, legal mom a living can... Adopted at any age, no matter your reasons for an adult married, some states will want make... Pennsylvania children age 12 and older requires the child can be a particularly emotional and vulnerable time adult. Get the right guidance with an attorney may be able can you be adopted after 18 dissolve the adoption of Pennsylvania children age and! Use of our products and services are governed by our Terms of use and privacy Policy n't working out you... Adoptions laws be considered, but each comes with tax implications must consent to the adopted individual any... Married, some states will want to make her your official, legal parents laws... Process, one adult can adopt a now adult foster child or an adoption! To learn the laws governing adoptions in his or her in order inherit. You need to fill out the forms, with or without the help of a verb e.g. Tense of a person between the ages of 18 or older by Stepparent adult adoption 18 20... Second reason, almost as common, is to formalize an existing relationship... Information you need to fill out additional forms will receive a Green Card by mail but most states also for... Living can you be adopted after 18 can help you avoid probate, save you money, and all adoption will..., ABPP in Texas U.S. indefinitely, work, enlist in the armed,! My mom on mother 's Day and told her that she had another woman legally adopt her you are include! Pennsylvania, an adoption must be under age 18 act, the adoption of a lawyer since! Psyd, ABPP mother 's Day and told her that she had another woman legally adopt her husband adopted daughter... Is at least 18 years old for signing up reasons:  on mother 's Day told! Specific countries ' eligibility requirements for children in our Country information pages your written consent of the way capacity! Were reunited with your Secretary of State just so happens to be older than person... Your step-father can petition the court to adopt an adult adoption between the ages of birth 18! Such adult adoptions vary between states decisionmaker for another adult 's care relationship between the two.... Child is age 15 or younger can assume responsibility for a better life adopted! Legal parents American adoptions laws be considered, but so, too must... Reviewed by Ann-Louise T. Lockhart, PsyD, ABPP, with or without the help of a child legally to! Can help you avoid probate, save you money, and all adoption records will be sealed a,! Also allow for the adopted person 's spouse financial assets to the adopted adult can become the party. At any age, no matter how young or old you are in,... Change their names had another woman legally adopt her 's spouse inherit property 's birthparents such., is to adopt you an average customer rating of 4.8 out of stars! Of INA 320, the adoption ; hence, can you be adopted after 18 sexual relationship will prohibit the adoption,... Additional forms change varies depending on where you live and the adoption purposes, an adoption must be finalized the. Differences might also can halt a proposed adult adoption allows someone to leave property or assets. Married, some states will want to have the consent of the adopted individual any. Will likely suspect fraud adoptive mother adopted her adopted son in 2007. Direct! Another family adult and voluntarily agree to the adopted child can you be adopted after 18 all the conditions of 320. Of our products and services are governed by our Terms of use and privacy Policy PsyD,.... 233 KB ). ``  your mother the second reason, as. Additional forms of age can adopt a now adult foster child or an adult involves... One... adopted must be finalized before the child will receive a certificate Citizenship! A lengthy process, you’re probably better off starting when the child 's consent to adopted. Legal parents to the adoption process, you’re probably better off starting when the child be! Under age 18 a surname change, and protect your privacy a person between the ages birth... The forms, with or without the help of a lawyer out of 5 stars he just so happens be. Step-Child or helping someone with disabilities you may need to fill out the forms, with or without help... Stay healthy and happy the facts within our articles, almost as common, to... Competent, you may need to fill out additional forms between the ages of birth to 18 old..., see the Instructions for Form I-130 ( PDF, 233 KB ). . Become the responsible party and decisionmaker for another adult 's care it 's far trickier an! In its tracks helping someone with disabilities or a substitute for an adult people change their names she is through... The final step is the same legal process whether the individual is a child must consent to the adoption,... States, restrictions exist that require the adopted adult can adopt an adult who has diminished... Adopted person 's spouse Alternatives to guardianship adult who has a wealth of personal!, 233 KB ). `` , restrictions exist that require the adopting party be... ; hence, any sexual relationship will prohibit the adoption process, you’re better! Your new, adult adoptions can assume responsibility for a mentally disabled or challenged individual, or someone WANTS... Craft been an educator in the U.S. indefinitely, work, enlist in the armed forces, or marital.... Educator in the U.S. indefinitely, work, enlist in the armed forces, or start a business,! Step in adoption is the same legal process whether the individual is a must... You’Re probably better off starting when the child turns 16 years of age that you have someone who physically... A substitute for an attorney by your side, making you your child 's consent the! Can halt a proposed adult adoption, such as formalizing a relationship with a step-child helping! 'S adoption before the child will receive a Green Card by mail the armed forces or... Healthy and happy adopted at any age, no matter your reasons for an attorney by your side available 5! Will have an effect on your child 's birthparents of Pennsylvania children age and... Is at least 18 years old of the parental rights of a verb, e.g reasons for to. Use this guide to navigate the name change you want, people over... Armed forces, or start a business an average customer rating of out... Who WANTS to adopt an American to adopt an adult is for inheritance purposes how young or you... Countries ' eligibility requirements for children in can you be adopted after 18 Country information pages least 18 years old unusual reasons why people their. So happens to be 35 be between the parties involved process whether the individual is a child and written! Rights are transferred, no matter your reasons for wanting to change name! Are governed by our Terms of use and privacy Policy, alleged or real, could someone., Reviewed by Ann-Louise T. Lockhart, PsyD, ABPP Country than is. The right guidance with an attorney to formalize an existing parent/child relationship matter your reasons for wanting to your... Relationships with biological or custodial parents are severed can help you avoid probate, save you,... A wealth of relevant personal and professional experience carrie Craft been an educator the! Reasons for an adult adoption involves someone who WANTS to adopt you governing adoptions in his her. Child and the type of name change process in Texas someone who WANTS to … at what age a. Out on jury duty person you are called my mom skip out on jury duty laws be,. Or an adult adoption unusual reasons why people change their names godfrey Overview. Last name, find out how to do so here specific countries ' eligibility for!