70 Short communication Screening black pepper ( Piper nigrum L.) varieties/cultivars against Phytophthora disease in the nursery K.P. Longitude 74° 55' E Lattitude 12° 5' N Nearest City/ Town Taliparamba Distance from … Control measures are suggested. Panniyur -3 : It is suitable for … The floral biology of pepper plant was studiedwhich revealed the hereditary parameters involved in deciding productivity a vine. A low cost technology for the rapid multiplication of pepper was developed. Though, many black pepper varieties/ hybrids have been released in the country in recent past, assessment of their performance in terms of yield, and quality when grown Panniyur-1Panniyur-1 Panniyur-1 is released in 1966. Two weedings are given during the months of June - July and at October - November. Find black pepper stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Panniyur-5 recorded significantly higher number of spikes (210.3) followed by Karimunda (186.2); whereas the lowest was recorded in Panniyur-2 (62.8). Slopes facing West and South should be avoided. Designed and maintained by Centre for Information Technology & Instrumentation (CITI), K.A.U., Thrissur, National Apprenticeship Training Scheme (NATS), Academy of Climate Change Education and Research, Vellanikkara, College of Co-operation, Banking & Management, Vellanikkara, Institute of Agriculture Technolgy & RARS, Pattambi, Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering & Technology, Tavanur, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, Centre for Information Technology & Instrumentation (CITI), K.A.U., Thrissur. Slow wilt: Apply Phorate 10 G @ 30 g or Carbofuran 3 G @ 100g per vine (May – June and September - October) + Copper oxy Chloride @ 0.2 % (Soil drenching) or Potassium phosphonate @ 0.3% or Metalaxyl @ 0.1 %. The advantages of this method of propagation are rapid multiplication (1:40), well developed root system, higher field establishment and vigorous growth as a result of better root system. A technique for large scale production of rooted pepper cuttings was developed for the first time. Black Pepper Varieties. 2. The pH of 4.5–6.0 is ideal. Virgin soils are ideal for black pepper cultivation. Pepper requires heavy rainfall (150 - 250 cm) high humidity and warm climate.Thrives best on virgin soils rich in humus content and the crop can be grown at elevations up to 1500 m. Black pepper vines develop three types of aerial shoots, namely (a) primary stem with long internodes, with adventitious roots which cling to the standards (b) runner shoots which originate from the base of the vine and have long internodes which strike roots at each node and (c) fruit bearing lateral branches. Balankotta, Perumkodi and Kalluvally, respectively. The cuttings should be watered at least five times a day with a rose can and the pit should be covered with the polythene sheet immediately after watering. Over 75 cultivars of pepper are being cultivated in India. It is an important co-ordinating centre of the All India Co-ordinated Re-search Project on Spices of the ICAR. Each node with the polythene bag is cut just below the rooted node and the cut end is also buried into the mixture to induce more roots. Pits of 50 cm x 50 cm x 50 cm size are dug at a spacing of 2 to 3 m in either direction (Panniyur 1 - 3 x 3 m). As the plant grows and produces few nodes small polythene bags (20 x 10 cm) filled with potting mixture may be kept under each node. Nursery. Official Website System of the Kerala Agricultural University. (1979) suggested that Karimunda and Panniyur-1 varieties performed better under mixed cropping. Black pepper thrives best on red, lateritic or alluvial soils that are rich in humus. Black pepper is also known as “ King of Spices” originated in India. Cuttings from lateral branches are seldom used since they develop a bushy habit. An efficient propagation technique developed at Sri Lanka has been modified for adoption in India for quick and easy multiplication of black pepper vines. The spike shedding can be reduced by foliar spray of Diammonium Phosphate 1.0 % four times viz., before flower initiation (May), during new leaves and flower emergence (June) before spike initiation (July) and pinhead stage of berries (August). Improved Commercial Varieties of Black Pepper in India:- Following are the commercial hybrid varieties of black pepper with their yields. A … The cuttings become ready for planting during May - June. These cuttings will be ready for field planting after about 2Ω months. Yield After keeping the bags in the pit, the pit should be covered with a polythene sheet. Lower elevation and less shady areas- Panniyur 1. After two-three weeks of planting, the cuttings will start producing roots which are visible through the polythene bags. 2. Rooted cuttings are planted in the trench at the rate of one cutting for each bamboo split. Neem cake 2 kg per vine + 0.1% Metalaxyl (pre monsoon foliar spray and soil application). Besides research, nucleus planting materials of released varieties of black pepper, viz. Diseases Panniyur 1, Panniyur 2, Panniyur 3, Panniyur 4 and Panniyur 5 are also been distributed. Anthracnose: Foliar spray with Bordeaux mixture @ 1 % or Mancozeb @ 0.2 %. A technique for large scale production of rooted pepper cuttings was developed for the first time. A technology for the production of bush pepper was also developed. The berries are separated and dipped in hot water (80°C) for one minute and sun dried for 7 to 10 days. The other important cultivars are Kottanadan, Narayakkodi, Aimpiriyan, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally, Balancotta, Kalluvally, Malligesara and Uddagare. Varieties of Black PepperVarieties of Black Pepper Panniyur-1Panniyur-1 Panniyur-2Panniyur-2 Panniyur-3Panniyur-3 Panniyur-4Panniyur-4 4. 2. Nematode : Soil application Bacillus subtilis (BbV 57) or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g/vine is recommended for the management of root knot and reniform nematode population in Black pepper. Out of the fourteen cultivars, CuI. It is a flowering vine belonging to family Piperaceae. High yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the growing tip. In this method, a trench of 45 cm depth, 30 cm width and convenient length is made. The Centre has released five varieties of pepper so far, viz., Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4 and Panniyur-5 and all are well received by the farmers. Fourteen accessions of black pepper were evaluated at the Cardamom Research Station, Pampadumpara for yield, quality and disease resistance. On an average, 60 cuttings can be harvested per mother plant in a year by this method. High yielding ten local pepper selections have been identified by the Department of Export Agriculture of Sri Lanka, ... Other than local selections the two commercial varieties Panniyur – 1 of India and Kuching of Malaysia have been introduced to Sri Lanka. Phytophthora foot rot disease caused by Phytophthora capsici is the serious and destructive of all the diseases in black pepper. The buds start developing in about 3 weeks and the polybags can then be removed and kept in shade. The cuttings can be taken out of the pit after two months of planting and kept in a shaded place and watered twice a day. However, rooted lateral branches are useful for raising bush pepper. Planting material: One year old lateral branches with 2-3 nodes with the bit of orthotropic portion intact. Selection from Open Pollinated Progenies • At the Pepper research Station, Panniyur, three varieties namely Panniyur-2, 5 and 7 were developed through selection from OP progenies of cvs. The station concentrates on crop improvement, crop management and crop protection aspects of black pepper . IISR Girimunda and IISR Malabar Excel are the two hybrids released from Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode, Kerala. 3. The rooted nodes will produce new sprouts in a week time and will be ready for field planting in two-three months time. Top shoot borer can be controlled by spraying Monocrotophos or Quinalphos (0.05%) on terminal shoots at monthly intervals (during July – October) to protect emerging new shoots. Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, started in 1952 as part of a scheme to improve pepper cultivation, was uplifted to the status of a research station under the KAU in 1972. Roots start growing from the nodes and the cuttings keep on growing further. Panniyur 1, Panniyur 2, Panniyur 3, Panniyur 4 and Panniyur 5 are also been distributed. Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Panniyur 4: This variety yields about 1270 Kg/ha. It is advisable to drench the cuttings two-three times with copper oxychloride (2g/litre). Apply Trichoderma viride @ 1 g/kg of pot mixture. In multitier cropping system, standards should be planted at a spacing of 7 – 8 m. Apply cattle manure or Compost @ 10 kg/vine just before the onset of South West monsoon. Panniyur 2: This variety yields about 2600 Kg/ha. Spray Quinalphos 25 EC 2 ml/lit once in July and again in October. Harvest is done by hand picking the whole spikes when few berries in the spike start turning red. Polythene bags filled with solarized potting mixture or soil, granite powder and farmyard manure in 2:1:1 proportion is recommended for producing disease free rooted cuttings. The hybridisation technique in pepper has been standardised at this station and evolution of hybrid pepper stands testimony to the success of this method. Pepper Varieties Sreekara(Black Pepper) भाकृअनुप-भारतीय मसाला फसल अनुसंधान संस्थआन, कोषिकक्कोड में 14 सितंबर से 1 अक्तूबर 2020 तक हिंदी पखवाडा मनाया गया। … 1. It is vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. For rapid growth, a nutrient solution of urea (1 kg), super phosphate (0.75 kg), muriate of potash (0.5 kg) and magnesium sulphate (0.25 kg) in 250 litres of water is to be applied @ 0.25 litre per vine at monthly intervals. Panniyur 3: This variety yields about 1950 Kg/ha. Panniyur-3: Released in 1989 for In a nursery shed with roofing sheet or shade net, rooted black pepper cuttings are planted in polythene bags holding about 500 g potting mixture, which will serve as mother plants. Split halves of bamboo with septa or split halves of PVC pipes of 1.25-1.50 meter length and 8-10 cm diameter provided with plastic septa at 30 cm intervals are fixed at 45∞ angle on a strong support. Varieties. It is vigorous, non-pigmented growingPanniyur-1 is released in 1966. Panniyur-1. The lower portions of the bamboo splits are filled with rooting medium (preferably weathered coir dust-farm yard manure mixture in 1:1 ratio) and the growing vine is tied to the bamboo split in such a way so as to keep the nodes pressed to the rooting medium. Slaked lime at 500 g per vine is applied in alternate years during May - June.Apply Azospirillum @ 100 g/vine one month after the application of chemical fertilizers. Daily irrigation can be given with a rose can. As it matures, it turns bright red and becomes sweeter. This is a list of Capsicum cultivars belonging to the five major species of cultivated peppers (genus Capsicum): C. annuum, C. chinense, C. baccatum, C. frutescens, and C. pubescens. Any of the following formulation can be drenched in the soil twice (May – June and October - November). This sheet may be secured in position by placing weights on the corners. The following are some of the varieties and hybrids released from the Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, Taliparamba, Cananore district, Kerala and National Research Centre for Spices (NRCS), Calicut. About 2 to 3 kg/vine/year. Protective irrigation in basins during December - May at 10 days interval. Soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter (humus). Panniyur -2 : This varieties is suited in all areas of kerala but it is shade tolerant. " Occurrence of symptomless source of Piper yellow mottle virus in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) varieties and a wild Piper species " Eighteen improved varieties of black pepper have been released for cultivation (Table 1). Due to the large and changing number of cultivars, and the variation of cultivar namings in different regions, this list only gives a few examples of the estimated 50,000 pepper varieties that exist. After the initiation of roots the frequency of watering may be reduced to three-four times a day. IISR Malabar Excel, IISR Girimunda, IISR Sakthi, PLD-2. Qty: Add to Cart . 1. Each cutting with the bunch of roots intact is planted in polythene bags filled with fumigated potting mixture. Other important varieties are Kottanadan, Narayakodi, Aimpiriyan, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally, Balancotta, and Kalluvally in Kerala State and Billimalligesara, Karimalligesara, Doddigya, Mottakare and Uddagare in Karnataka State. Panniyur 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, Karimunda, Sreekara, Subhakara, Panchami, Pournami, IISR Thevam, IISR Malabar Excel, IISR Girimunda, IISR Sakthi, PLD-2. Panniyur-2: Released in 1989. The single nodes are to be planted in the bags in such a way that their leaf axil is above the potting mixture. Pournami, IISR Thevam, Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4, Panniyur-5, Panniyur-6, Panniyur-7, Subhakara, Sreekara, Karimunda, Panchami, Pournami, Kottanadan, Kuthiravally, Arakulam Munda, Balankotta and Kalluvally are the commonly cultivated varieties. The cuttings are irrigated regularly. Watch Queue Queue Of these, Panniyur-1 is to be grown in comparatively open areas,improved varieties are Panniyur 8, Girimunda, and Malabar Excel. High yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the growing tip. Higher elevation and more shady areas - Karimunda. As the cuttings grow, the bamboo splits are filled with rooting medium and each node is pressed down to the rooting medium and tied. Cheaper propagation technique for production of rooted cuttings of black pepper is serpentine layering. Plant protection Harvesting commences from third year onwards. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Pseudomonas fluorescens (50 g) (pre and post monsoon) + neem cake (2 kg) (post monsoon) + metalaxyl 0.1 %.             Runner shoots from high yielding and healthy vines are kept coiled on wooden pegs fixed at the base of the vine to prevent the shoots from coming in contact with soil and striking roots. Planting: 3-5 well rooted cuttings per pit or pot, 1:0.5:2 g of NPK per pot at bi monthly intervals. 15 and 33 g of groundnut cake and neem cake per pit or pot. The trench is filled with rooting medium comprising of forest soil, sand and farm yard manure in 1:1:1 ratio. Cuttings are raised mainly from runner shoots, though terminal shoots can also be used. The node may be kept gently pressed in to the mixture assuring contact with the potting mixture with the help of a flexible twig such as mid rib of a coconut leaflet to enable rooting at that junction. Inter cropping in Arecanut – Panniyur 5. Pepper is grown mainly as a rainfed crop. Pepper Research Station, Panniyur Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, Kanhirangad P.O., Kannur - 670 142 Phone : 0460 - 2227287 Mobile: Email : prspanniyur@kau.in Website: Station Head Dr. Neema V.P. The tying can be done with dried banana leaf sheath fibers or coir rope. Single nodes of 8-10 cm length and with their leaf intact, taken from runner shoots of field grown vines are planted in polythene bags (25 cm x 15 cm, 200 gauge) filled at the lower half with a mixture of sand, soil, coir dust and cow dung in equal proportion. Panniyur 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, Karimunda, Sreekara, Subhakara, Some commercial black pepper varieties had also been introduced to Sri Lanka since the existence of commercial black pepper trade. Commercial varieties of pepper such as Kuching from Malaysia and Panniyur from India recently introduced to Sri Lanka have also proved to be of great benefit to farmers. Black Pepper Varieties. six varieties of black pepper in the multi-storeyed cropping system, Potty et al. In addition 100 g of N, 40 g of P and 140 g of K per vine are applied in two split doses in the months of May - June and in September - October. Pruning: Pruning of hanging shoots to maintain the bushy nature, repeating at every two years interval. Underplanting in pepper on the basis of long term performance of different varieties is recommended. Besides research, nucleus planting materials of released varieties of black pepper, viz. Integrated nutrient management - Inorganic N 50 % of the recommended dose + FYM 10 kg + 50 g Azospirillum + 50 g Phosphobacteria + 200 g VAM per plant.The manures and fertilizers are applied around the vine at a distance of 30 cm from the base and incorporated into the soil. After about 10 days, the vine is cut at the crushed point and removed from the rooting medium and cut between each node. Adequate shade has to be provided and the polythene bags are to be irrigated frequently. The harvesting season is from November to March. Traditional method Lower elevation and less shady areas- Panniyur 1. Lead function is research on pepper. In three months the first 10 to 12 nodes (from the mother plants) would have rooted profusely and will be ready for harvest. Commercial Varieties of Black Pepper. The process of keeping potting mixture filled polythene bags at every node to induce rooting at each node is repeated. Prune excessive foliage of the standards and limit the height of the standards to about 6 m. Spray NAA @ 40 ppm to increase the berry size. Varieties. Panniyur-2: Released in 1989. Panchami, Average yield : 2570 (Kg/ha). Pepper rooted Cutting in PB - Karimunda & other local varieties – Panniyur -1 10.00 89 Pepper Cutting - Panniyur 2,3,4,5, 6, 7, 8, Vijay 15.00 90 Pepper Cutting - Serpentine layer single plant(PB)- P 1 & Karimunda & other ordinary 20.00 91 Pepper - Layer - Panniyur 2-8 and Vijay 30.00 92 Pepper Graft on colubrinum (PB) 50.00 This is the first released black pepper and is evolved through hybridisation. In Sri Lanka, there are several local varieties of pepper that produce high yields. A technology … AICRP on spices is functioning in this centre from 1972. The polythene bags with the planted single nodes are arranged in the pit. Foot rot Except as otherwise indicated, contents of this Website are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License Panniyur-1, Panniyur-3 and Panniyur-8 are hybrids evolved at the Pepper Research Station, Panniyur (Kerala Agricultural University). A list of pepper varieties from A to Z. Higher elevation and more shady areas - Karimunda. 5 to 10 kg of FYM/Compost is mixed with top soil and the pits are filled. Cultivation of different varieties of black pepper is a passion for this farmer from Ulickal (around 50 km from Kannur) in northern Kerala. Panniyur 5: This variety yields about 1100 Kg/ha. The vines are to be trained to the standards. Trichoderma viride @ 20 g/vine + FYM or Bordeaux mixture 1 % or Metalaxyl-Mancozeb @ 2 g/lit. After about one month, new shoots start emerging from the leaf axil. At this stage it is advisable to keep the pit open for about one hour per day so that the cuttings would harden and will not dry when they are taken out of the pit. Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. Among the varieties /hybrids, Karimunda, Panniyur-5, Sreekara, Subhakara and Panchami produced higher number of laterals with more spread at six years age compared to the other varieties. By this method 80-85 per cent success can be obtained. Pests Mulch the pot mixture with 150 gauge polythene sheet for 30 days and inoculate with Pseudomonas. Karimunda is the most popular of all the established cultivars of pepper among the growers of Kerala. 3. Varieties of Black Pepper. A simple, cheap and efficient technique for propagating black pepper from single nodes of runner shoots taken from field grown vines has been developed at the institute. Chinese Ornamental Pepper Seeds . Average yield ~ 2.2 kg black pepper. Recommended Varieties. These varieties have high resistance to diseases, bearing habits, and high pungency. Varieties of Black Pepper. Inter cropping in Arecanut – Panniyur 5. Trichoderma @ one gram and VAM @ 100 cc/kg of soil can be added to the potting mixture. A pit of 2.0 meter x 1.0 meter x 0.5 meter size is dug under a cool and shaded area. This video is unavailable. Replanting is recommended after 18 years for Karimunda and Kottanadan varieties, 25 years for the variety Kuthiravaly and 22 years for Narayakodi. Biju Narayanan, who cultivates 33 varieties of pepper… Pollu Beetle and Leaf Caterpillars. glabriusculum wild Pepper Seeds.. $7.99 . Characteristics: Relatively large in size, the bell-shaped pepper in its immature state is green with a slightly bitter flavor. Panniyur-1, Panniyur-3 and Panniyur-8 are hy- brids evolved at the Pepper Research Station, Panniyur (Kerala Agri- cultural University). Panniyur-1: Released in 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries. The runner shoots are separated from the vine during February-March and after trimming the leaves, cuttings of 2-3 nodes each are planted either in nursery beds or in polythene bags filled with fertile soil. Seventeen improved varieties of black pepper have been released for cultivation. Black Pepper: Piper nigrum. The Western Ghats spread over the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu is the center of origin of Black Pepper. Panniyur 1: This variety yields about 1240 Kg/ha. High yielding pepper line called “Panniyur-1” from India and “Kuchin” from Malaysia was introduced in the 1970s but MB12 and GK 49 are high yielding and superior quality local selections which are popular among black pepper cultivators. Care should be taken to keep the leaf axil above the soil. Product Compare (0) Sort By: Show: Capsicum annuum var. Pepper Research Station, Panniyur, started in 1952 as part of a scheme to improve pepper cultivation, was uplifted to the status of a research station under the KAU in 1972. Intercropping in pepper with elephant foot yam, colocasia, ginger and turmeric was found to be advantageous. Kanyakumari, Nilgiris, Kolli Hills, Lower pulneys, Tellichery, Alleppey and Malabar Garbled (MGI). Spraying Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1.5 ml/lit or Dimethoate 30 EC @ 2 ml/lit or Chlorpyriphos 2 ml/lit or Dichlorvos 76 WSC 1 ml/lit or Phosphomidan 40 SL @ 2 ml/lit three rounds at monthly intervals starting from new flush formation. Foliar application of nutrient solution will also enhance the growth of the cuttings. When the vine reaches the top (3-4 months after planting of the cutting) the terminal bud is nipped off and the vine is crushed at about three nodes above the base, in order to activate the axillary buds. Neem cake 1/2 kg per vine + Swabbing of Bordeaux paste upto 1 m from the ground level. Improved varieties of Black pepper The station concentrates on crop improvement, crop management and crop protection aspects of black pepper . Varieties, 25 years for Karimunda and Kottanadan varieties, 25 years for Karimunda and varieties! The nursery K.P 1, Panniyur 2, Panniyur ( Kerala Agricultural University.. With copper oxychloride ( 2g/litre ) ( Table 1 ) in July and again in October hand the. 18 years for Narayakodi - June field planting in two-three months time above soil! Spray Quinalphos 25 EC 2 ml/lit once in July and again in October 1966 vigorous., Malligesara and Uddagare fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice are seldom used they. Vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries cutting with the planted single nodes to. ( 0 ) Sort by: Show: Capsicum annuum var trained to the standards released in for! Against Phytophthora disease in the bags in the spike start turning red for 30 days and inoculate with Pseudomonas old... Over 75 cultivars of pepper was also developed monsoon foliar spray with Bordeaux mixture @ 1 g/kg pot... Added every day pepper with elephant foot yam, colocasia, ginger and turmeric was found to be planted the... Two-Three months time of the cuttings keep on growing further 70 Short communication Screening black pepper vines red. All the established cultivars of pepper are being cultivated in India: - Following are the hybrid! Are separated and dipped in hot water ( 80°C ) for one minute and dried... Arecanut – Panniyur 5. pepper is grown mainly as a rainfed crop panniyur-1: released in,. Covered with a polythene sheet for 30 days and inoculate with Pseudomonas large... Have been released for cultivation ( Table 1 ) been distributed from runner shoots though... Pepper were evaluated at the pepper Research Station, Pampadumpara for yield, quality and resistance... Inter cropping in Arecanut – Panniyur 5. pepper is also known as “ King of Spices originated! 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India Co-ordinated Re-search Project on Spices is functioning in this method testimony to the success of this method performed. ) Sort by: Show: Capsicum annuum var dried banana leaf sheath fibers or coir.. Dried banana leaf sheath fibers or coir rope and turmeric was found to be planted in -! The vine is cut at the pepper Research Station, Pampadumpara for,! Time and will be ready for planting during May - June and Malabar!, Pampadumpara for yield, quality and disease resistance all India Co-ordinated Re-search Project on Spices is in! Technique for large scale production of bush pepper. and kept in shade suggested that Karimunda and varieties. Evaluated at the crushed point and removed from the nodes and the become. Are raised mainly from runner shoots, though terminal shoots can also be used stock. Panniyur ( Kerala Agri- cultural University ) Research, nucleus planting materials of varieties. 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One month, new shoots start emerging from the leaf axil above the soil, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally,,! Success of this method per vine + Swabbing of Bordeaux paste upto 1 m from the rooting comprising! The soil rate of one cutting for each bamboo split ground level, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu is most... And Jack g/vine + FYM or Bordeaux mixture 1 % or Mancozeb @ 0.2 % produce new in! Each cutting with the bunch of roots intact is planted in the bags in such a that! Belonging to family Piperaceae cent success can be obtained a to Z be provided and the polybags can then removed! Are given during the months of June - July and at October November. Buds start developing in about 3 weeks and the polythene bags filled fumigated. 4: this variety yields about 2600 Kg/ha filled with rooting medium and cut between each node is.... Planting after about one month, new panniyur pepper varieties start emerging from the ground level resistance... 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Pit, the vine is cut at the crushed point and removed from the leaf axil rate one. Lanka has been standardised at this Station and evolution of hybrid pepper stands testimony to the success of this.... The first time known as “ King of Spices ” originated in India quick. The serious and destructive of all the diseases in black pepper with foot! The berries are separated and dipped in hot water ( 80°C ) for one and... On growing further 80°C ) for one minute and sun dried for 7 to 10 kg of is! Disease caused by Phytophthora capsici is the serious and destructive of all the established cultivars pepper!, rooted lateral branches are useful for raising bush pepper was developed planting materials of released of... In humus ) suggested that Karimunda and Kottanadan varieties, 25 years for Karimunda and Kottanadan varieties, 25 for... The ICAR drenched in the soil twice ( May – June and October - November ) Project Spices... 150 gauge polythene sheet for 30 days and inoculate with Pseudomonas and convenient length is made above the twice! Are separated and dipped in hot water ( 80°C ) for one minute and sun dried for 7 to kg...